Tag Archives: emergency

Driving 101

Driving 101

I will deviate today from photography and other happenings.   It’s time to say something about people’s driving.  This is Driving 101 – lanes – their use and meaning.  If they still teach driver’s ed and driver’s training, lots of people are failing while still getting a license.


Lane – guide for where you drive.  It is delineated by lines – either solid or dashed, and either yellow or white.

Yellow line, solid – divides on-coming traffic lanes.  Solid on your side means you cannot cross it except to make a left-hand turn in to a driveway, or u-turn, where legal.

Yellow line, double-double – this is to be treated as if it were a concrete wall.  You cannot cross it even to make a turn.

Yellow line, dashed – divides on-coming traffic lanes.  May be used to pass a car in your lane if it is safe to cross the dashed yellow line.

White line, solid – may only be crossed in an emergency, or making a legal right turn in to a driveway, or to cautiously pass a stopped vehicle (that does not have its right turn signal blinking) in your lane.

White line, dashed – divides your lane from the one to your right.  May be crossed to change lanes, but may not be crossed to pass a car on its right.

Passing – overtaking a slower vehicle

Number 1 Lane – the left most lane in your direction.

Number 2 – X lanes – starting with the left most lane, lanes are number from left to right.  Thus, if there are 2 lanes in your direction, then the #2 lane would be the right lane.  #1 would be the left lane.

Lane Rules

When there is only…

1 lane in your direction – then you may only pass on the left when you have a dashed yellow line.  You must stay in your lane if the yellow line on your side is solid.

2 lanes in your direction – Lane 1 is for passing only.  Lane 2 is for driving.  Lane 2 may not be used for passing.

3 lanes in your direction – Lane 1 is for passing only.  Lane 2 is for passenger cars.  Lane 3 is for entering and exiting and trucks.  Lane 3 may not be used for passing.  Lane 2 may only be used for passing vehicles in Lane 1.

4 lanes in your direction – Lane 1, if not designated as a HOV lane (High Occupancy Vehicle Lane – aka Carpool Lane) is for passing.  Lane 2 for fast passenger vehicle traffic.  Land 3 is for trucks.  Lane 4 is for entering and exiting and slow vehicles.   In all cases, passing is to the left.  If lane 1 is an HOV lane, then treat lanes 2-4 as you would a 3 lane highway.

5 or more – see 4 lanes, and figure the extra lanes are for passenger vehicles with the slowest traffic to the right, and fastest to the left.  Lane 1 is either HOV or passing only.  If lane 1 is an HOV lane, then lane 2 becomes the passing lane.

4 Car Rule – if there are more than 4 cars behind you AND you are leading the pack (i.e. no cars in front of you for a considerable distance), move to the right, and let the others pass.  This applies to all cases, regardless of the number of lanes, with the exception of where there is a double-line to your right (e.g. HOV lanes).  In this case, you probably should have got in to that lane in the first case.  If you are the leader of the pack, and there are more than 4 cars behind you, you are impeding traffic and can be cited.  In the case of being in the right most lane, you must find a safe spot to pull to the shoulder and STOP until traffic has cleared.  (This is the case with farm equipment, and slow moving vehicles that cannot drive the speed limit.)

Note:  The ONLY time you can pass on the right is when the vehicle in lane #1 has come to a complete stop, and does NOT have its right turn-signal going.

2-second Rule – the distance between you, and the car in front of you, should be 2 seconds.  To measure that, pick a stationary mark on the side of the road.  When the car in front of you passes it, say, “One Mississippi, Two Mississippi.”  If you’ve already passed that marker, then you are too close.  Back off, and try it again.  Tailgating, as it is called, is illegal in ALL states.

Blind spot rule – driving in someone’s blind spot can cause an accident.  The blind spot is any spot where the driver cannot see you through their side-view mirror.  If you can see their face through the mirror, then you are NOT in their blind spot.  If you cannot see their face, then back off until you can, or speed up and pass if you safely can.

Flashers on – If a vehicle has its flashers on, you must move a lane to its left and slow down to pass.  If you are on a single lane road, then the 4-car rule applies and you may have to wait.  If the vehicle is on the shoulder with its flashers on, and you are in the right most lane, then you must move one lane to the left.  (e.g.  On a 2 lane in your direction, this means you would move to lane 1.)

If That’s Too Much…

If that’s too much to remember, here are some tips to help you remember…

  • Never cross a solid line except to make a legal turn
  • Never pass on the right
  • Never drive in a blind spot
  • Never tailgate
  • When in doubt, drive in the right most lane
  • Be courteous and let people pass if there are more than 4 behind you

There… I got that off my chest.  Of course, this comes after some moron on the thruway passed me on my right after I passed a semi-truck, and had my right blinker on.  They then, got on the bumper of the car in the right lane, and rode them like two snails in heat.

Where’s a state trooper when this stuff happens?



Nothing.  None.  Nada.  We did not get a single trick-or-treater last night.  But, at least we were able to go to bed early.

This means we have leftover candy, but nothing that I like.  (Yes, one of the drawbacks of being laid-up.  You can’t go buy Halloween candy that YOU like.  Elizabethe asked why I would do that and then just give it away.  I pointed out we did NOT give away any candy and now we’re stuck with stuff I don’t like.  She pointed out she likes what she bought.)

Some days you just can’t win.

Not a whole lot going on today.  Rather than watching TV I’m finding myself participating in an online group about emergency preparedness.  It is supposed to be an LDS group, but there are some ravenous wolves in the flock who want to spread false doctrine.

Nothing drives me more crazy than people who claim to be members of the church spreading false doctrine.  Chapter and verse my friends.

When you hear things said that you have never heard in any class in church, or in any General Conference, or read in any of the standard works, you can pretty much assume it is FALSE DOCTRINE.

Much of their teachings are a combination of science fiction post-apocalyptic writings mingled with scripture.  Hmmm… sounds familiar.

I remember back in the late 60s having a Sunday School teacher tell us that before the Savior comes all technology will cease to work and we’ll all have to walk back to Jackson County Missouri.  FALSE DOCTRINE!  In fact, D&C 115:6 has the answer as to what the gathering of Zion at that time:  “And that the gathering together upon the land of Zion, and upon her stakes, may be for a defense, and for a refuge from the storm, and from wrath when it shall be poured out without mixture upon the whole earth. “

I won’t even go in to some of the whack0 teachings being taught.

Blessings of Tithing

This has happened more than once in my life.  Although I do not expect this to happen every time, it has happened frequently enough that I know the source of my blessings.

As long as I can remember, I have taken 1/10th of what I make and I pay a tithe.  I pay on my gross income, and not the net.  I believe in the promise made by Malachi in the Old Testament, that if we pay our tithing we will get blessings beyond our ability to receive them.

Tithing is not unique to Latter-day Saints.  It is a commandment given in the Old Testament.  Thus, both Jews and Christians should live the law.  Like most commandments, God gives a specific promise if it is lived.  That promise is found in the 3rd chapter of Malachi, and includes blessings beyond our ability to receive them, and protection.

Our most recent evidence of this was the fridge we just bought.  With tax and everything, it came to a little over $2000.  As I opened the mail the other day, there was a check from Fidelity for my stock dividends and the amount was a little over $2000. 

Now, I will pay tithing on that $2000 which means the check is short about $200 of covering the total bill.  That said, perhaps I can share the lesson I learned from the first time this happened.

It was around 1999.  We had a piece-of-junk Ford Taurus that went through transmissions faster than most cars need an oil change.  We had to get rid of it.  It was costing us way too much money.

We had very little in savings.  But, I felt impressed to buy a good, reliable Toyota.  I looked at a few used ones, but there weren’t very many on the market that were really old and worn.

So, my wife suggested I contact the stock broker and put in a conditional sale request.  I figured out that if the stock went above a certain dollar amount, and I sold at that point, we would have the $10,000 for the car we wanted.

Part of this lesson learned was, faith without works is dead.

So, I put in the sale request, and then headed to the Toyota dealer to purchase the car.  (Keep in mind, I am a don’t-count-your-chickens-before-they-hatch kind of guy.  My wife was a source of strength for me to do this.)

I purchased the car.  Drove it home.  Then started to fret about whether the stock would hit that magic number.

The stock did.  Not only did it hit our sell-trigger, it then proceeded to drop and has never returned to that point.

When the check arrived, it was for the exact amount I owed on the car.  However, with a $10,000 profit from the sale of my stock, I owed about $1500 in tithing (there were taxes taken out and that sort of stuff.)

I remember thinking, “Why couldn’t that check have been about $2000 more?”

Trying not to feel ungrateful, I dropped to my knees in prayer.

“Heavenly Father,” I asked, “why couldn’t it have just been a little more.  I don’t like being in debt.  This means we will still owe another $2000.”

I will never forget the answer came almost immediately.  It was a loving, kind answer, and one that made so much sense.

“If you had received enough to pay the whole bill, you wouldn’t be making a sacrifice.  All blessings come as a result of sacrifice.”

Tears of gratitude streamed down my face that night. 

This has continued to happen on numerous occasions.  Money is tight.  We still pay our tithing.  We are forced to make a purchase or repair for which we have to borrow money, and then unexpected money arrives in the amount, less tithing, that we need.

So, when you visit our home, and you see that new fridge and range, remember they are blessings from God that came as a direct result of paying tithing.


I’ve been coaching Kathy on food storage.  I could sense her frustration on getting started.  As a result, I realized there is so much about emergency preparedness that I take for granted.  Kathy started asking questions like what do you do with your wheat if you have no way to bake the bread?  (Oh, I’m Kathy’s big brother from another mother, and she is my little sister from another mister.  Now, if you followed that, you’re ahead of most people.)

I am a natural-born catastrophiser.  That means, I always am thinking the worst might happen.  Okay, I wasn’t born this way, it was a result of conditioning as I was growing up.  It really isn’t a good thing, but I have been trying to make it a good thing by using that worst-case thinking to plan for opportunities to be better prepared.

Some catastrophisers go overboard and become paranoid.  I am far from that.  As my attorney once said, I’m more grounded in reality than anyone she had ever met before.  I guess that is good. 


Two weeks ago, bread at the local Walmart was $2.50 a loaf. Tuesday morning, bread was $2.98 a loaf.   That’s a 19% increase in price in 2 weeks.  HOLY COW!  And, you think Capital One has high credit card rates?  Well, guess what?  Food prices are starting to skyrocket.

Elizabethe has been feeling an urgency to get our food storage supplemented.  We had a lot, but she thinks we should have more.  I agree.  Kathy’s husband Jeff is on that same wave-length too.

So, am I suggesting we all run out and spend thousands on bags of wheat, rice, beans, sugar, etc? 

No.  But, I do think we all need a plan and we need to stop procrastinating and implement our plan.

I don’t know who said it, but the quote was something to the effect, “The day will come that having food storage will be as important as it was to board the ark in the days of Noah.”